Copyright © 2015 Jason Romanenko


First and foremost this word means a new birth or restoration. When capitalized it stands for the classically influenced revival of arts and letters and denotes the historic period from the Middle Ages to the contemporary world. It is believed that this transition started in fourteenth century Italy.

Renaissance philosophy can often be viewed as a rediscovery of Plato and hence, the term Neo-Platonism. For some reason, around the time of the seventeenth century a significantly large proportion of European students and undergraduates were finding their work less technically demanding, thought in part to be a side effect of the logic renaissance.

Although a number of proponents of the time were morally flawed, the emergence of completely new factions in artistic and literary fields had occurred together with science and nature and the scientific method. Following on from Plato several viewpoints and angles came under scrutiny, becoming disciplines in their own right and opening up different educational themes onto curricula such as :

(I) Logic and Language

(II) Metaphysics and Philosophy of Mind

(III) Immortality

(IV) Free will

(V) Science and Philosophy of Nature

(VI) Moral and Political Philosophy

(VII) The Human Being

Additionally it was Humanism that lead to the recovery of classical texts and their dissemination.

It’s interesting to note that the first jigsaw puzzle was invented in 1760 in the heyday of the renaissance by London engraver and map maker, John Spilsbury.

Example of bestrewn puzzle pieces Early renaissance artwork